Before knowing about Vestibular and balance therapy we have to understand the vestibular system.
The vestibular system is a sensory system. It is responsible for the sense of balance and spatial orientation. The vestibular system mainly consists of two components, semicircular canals, and otoliths. The vestibular system also plays a major part in clearing your vision.
The vestibular system can be damaged by an injury or it can be affected by a disease. A damaged vestibular system can result in dizziness or imbalance. There are many disorders that can be resulted from a damaged vestibular system, some of the common disorders are, vestibular migraine, Meniere’s disease, and perilymph fistula. Some of the less common disorders include acoustic neuroma, ototoxicity, and cholesteatoma. There are many symptoms of vestibular disorders, some of them are, imbalance or unsteadiness, dizziness, blurred/bouncing vision, hearing changes, and anxiety.
There are some treatments used by doctors or physical therapists. The most common treatment for such disorder is vestibular therapy or vestibular rehabilitation. Vestibular therapy is an exercise-based treatment. VRT exercises can improve balance and reduce dizziness.
This is the best non-surgical treatment. If the patients perform the exercises as described by their therapist, it can decrease the problems like unbalancing and dizziness significantly.