Sports Injuries And Their Treatments

Sports injuries are common in youth, but anyone can suffer from them. Mostly sports injuries happen while running, jumping, or throwing. Most muscle injuries are a result of stretching of muscles, and the common cause of bone injuries is fracturing. Bones joints can also be affected by sports injuries. There are many treatments for such sports-related injuries, including medicines, physical rehabilitationand home remedies.

Cause Of Sports Injuries 

Sports injuries are broadly categorized into two kinds, acute injuries, and chronic injuries. The cause of an acute sports injury is an impact of force greater than the body part can withstand. A chronic injury is typically due to repeating the same motion over and over again.

Symptoms of an acute injury include:

  • Sudden, severe pain
  • Extreme swelling or bruising

Symptoms of a chronic injury include:

  • Pain when you play or exercise
  • A dull ache and swelling when you rest.

Common Sports-Related Injuries

  1. Strains

Strains are the most common sports-related injuries because we use so many muscles and tendons when we are exercising or playing. The moving parts are all vulnerable to stretching more than they should or moving in ways they should not move, leaving them torn or damaged.

Common muscle strains include:

  • Pulled hamstrings
  • Pulled groin muscles
  • Strained quads
  1. Sprains

A sprain is like strain, but it is the stretching and tearing of the ligaments. Ligaments are the tissues that link one bone to another. When these ligaments turn in the wrong way, they can tear or be damaged. Ankle sprains are one of the most common among athletes.

Sprains can be very painful, take longer to heal than strains, and sometimes require a long rest to protect against further injury. Sprains often leave the ligament weak and make them vulnerable to future sprains.

Both strains and sprains get better with physical therapy and rehabilitation and you should consider it if you get any of them.

  1. Knee injuries

Knee injuries are not very common, but they can be really painful. The knee joint is very complicated, and it endures a lot of impact during sports activities. Tears of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) are pretty common. Knee injuries can be really problematic and sometimes require surgery.

  1. Fractures

Fractures of the bone are also not very common, but they can be really hurtful and need surgery most of the time. Mostly the arms, legs, and feet are the common areas of a fracture. All of which can be painful. It can take weeks of immobilization to heal and may need surgery in most cases.

  1. Tennis elbow

Tennis elbow does not mean that only those who play tennis can get tennis elbow; anyone can get that. While most of the time, tennis elbow is due to playing tennis but golf is also a common culprit for this. Tennis elbow is a straining of the ligaments in the elbow due to overuse and repetitive activity.

  1. Dislocations

It is sometimes hard to tell if you have got a broken bone or a dislocation. A dislocation happens when the ends of your bones move out of their place where they normally are in position. In this case, you will not be able to move to the area. These injuries are acute and painful.

Who Gets Sports Injuries?

Anyone can suffer a sports injury, but several factors can increase the risk of the injury. The risk factors include:

  • Not using the correct exercise techniques
  • Overtraining
  • Running or jumping on hard surfaces.
  • Not wearing proper equipment.
  • Having had a prior injury.

Sports Injuries Treatment

As there are different types of injuries, there are also different types of treatments. The most common treatments are physical rehabilitation and pain-relieving medications. Most sports injuries get better over time, but some may need extra care. Here are all the treatments that you should look for.

Home Remedies:

As most of the injuries get better by themselves, you can try home remedies. You can take a rest or apply heating pads or ice pads to the affected area. You can also take some pain relievers. If it doesn’t get better, you can also try PRICE therapy.

PRICE Therapy

Minor injuries can be treated by PRICE therapy at home. Injuries like mild sprains and strains. It can be treated at home using PRICE therapy for two or three days.

PRICE stands for:

  • Protection – Protect the affected area from further injury.
  • Rest- Take rest.
  • Ice – Apply an ice pad to the affected area.
  • Compression – Use elastic compression bandages during the day to limit swelling.
  • Elevation- Keep the injured body part raised above the level of your heart whenever possible.

Pain Relief

You can also use medications like Painkillers, such as paracetamol. Medications like these can ease the pain. Ibuprofen and other tablets or creams can also be used to ease pain and reduce further swelling. Aspirin is not recommended for children under 18 years old.

Immobilization

Immobilization can also fasten the recovery process as your body gets more time to heal.

Physical Therapy

Physical rehabilitation is one of the most common and convenient treatments for sports-related injuries. It has been the top priority of most people to get physical therapy. It is also proven to show results instantly, and you actually feel better after the first time.

Physical therapy is the best option in case you don’t get better by yourself. It relieves your pain and makes you get back all your energy. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are recommended by almost all medical practitioners and it is one of the best treatments you can have for your injuries.

Surgery and procedures

Surgery is the last option if you have tried all of the above. The surgery you will get depends on the injury you got if it is a small injury, then you will get minor surgery, and if you have a severe injury, you will get major surgery.

If your sports injury looks or feels severe, make an appointment to see your doctor. Seek emergency care if the injured joint shows signs of:

  • Severe swelling and pain
  • Visible lumps, bumps, or other deformities
  • Popping or crunching sounds when you move the joint

Also, if the injury doesn’t heal within two weeks, contact your doctor for an appointment.

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